‘When an elder dies a village loses its library’ – African Proverb 

Today would have been Nelson Mandela his 100th birthday!

Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was born into the Madiba clan in the village of Mvezo, Transkei. Nelson Mandela  was born on 18 July 1918, he would have been a year older today!

Nelson Mandela personifies struggle. He lead the fight against apartheid with extraordinary vigour and resilience after spending nearly three decades of his life behind bars. He sacrificed his private life and his youth for his people, and remains South Africa’s best known and loved hero.

 

Photo Credit: P.M

Mandela held numerous positions in the ANC: ANCYL secretary (1948); ANCYL president (1950); ANC Transvaal president (1952); deputy national president (1952) and ANC president (1991).

His father, Henry Mgadla Mandela, was chief councillor to Thembuland’s acting paramount chief David Dalindyebo. When his father died, Mandela became the chief’s ward and was groomed for the chieftainship.

Mandela matriculated at Healdtown Methodist Boarding School and then started a BA degree at Fort Hare. As an SRC member he participated in a student strike and was expelled, along with the late Oliver Tambo, in 1940. He completed his degree by correspondence from Johannesburg, did articles of clerkship and enrolled for an LLB at the University of the Witwatersrand.

In 1944 he helped found the ANC Youth League, whose Programme of Action was adopted by the ANC in 1949.

Mandela was elected national volunteer-in-chief of the 1952 Defiance Campaign. He travelled the country organising resistance to discriminatory legislation.

He was given a suspended sentence for his part in the campaign. Shortly afterwards a banning order confined him to Johannesburg for six months. During this period he formulated the “M Plan”, in terms of which ANC branches were broken down into underground cells.

By 1952 Mandela and Tambo had opened the first black legal firm in the country, and Mandela was both Transvaal president of the ANC and deputy national president.

A petition by the Transvaal Law Society to strike Mandela off the roll of attorneys was refused by the Supreme Court.

In the ‘fifties, after being forced through constant bannings to resign officially from the ANC, Mandela analysed the Bantustan policy as a political swindle. He predicted mass removals, political persecutions and police terror.

For the second half of the ‘fifties, he was one of the accused in the Treason Trial. With Duma Nokwe, he conducted the defence.

When the ANC was banned after the Sharpeville massacre in 1960, he was detained until 1961 when he went underground to lead a campaign for a new national convention….

 

In 1962 Mandela left the country for military training in Algeria and to arrange training for other MK members.

On his return he was arrested for leaving the country illegally and for incitement to strike. He conducted his own defence. He was convicted and jailed for five years in November 1962. While serving his sentence, he was charged, in the Rivonia trial, with sabotage and sentenced to life imprisonment.

A decade before being imprisoned, Mandela had spoken out against the introduction of Bantu Education, recommending that community activists “make every home, every shack or rickety structure a centre of learning”.

Robben Island, where he was imprisoned, became a centre for learning, and Mandela was a central figure in the organised political education classes.

In prison Mandela never compromised his political principles and was always a source of strength for the other prisoners.

During the ‘seventies he refused the offer of a remission of sentence if he recognised Transkei and settled there.

In the ‘eighties he again rejected PW Botha’s offer of freedom if he renounced violence.

It is significant that shortly after his release on Sunday 11 February 1990, Mandela and his delegation agreed to the suspension of armed struggle.

Mandela has been awarded honorary degrees from more than 50 international universities and is chancellor of the University of the North.

He was inaugurated as the first democratically elected State President of South Africa on 10 May 1994 – June 1999

Nelson Mandela retired from Public life in June 1999. He died on 5 December 2013 at his home in Houghton..

More AfricanCelebs Birthday here

Credit: Nelson Mandela/World News/Ghana Education

‘When an old man dies a library burns to the ground’ African proverb (Amadou Hampâté Bâ) En Afrique, quand un vieillard meurt, c’est une bibliothèque qui brûle. 

This Day In History:  December 5, 2013  Nelson Mandela‬,  South Africa’s first black president died at the age of  95. ‘When an old man dies a library burns to the ground’ Nelson-mandela

 

More about Nelson Mandela  What a legend! His spirit still lives on!  (18 July 1918 – 5 December 2013)

Credit: Nelson Mandela /Madiba

Nelson Mandela, leader of the movement to end South African apartheid was released from prison after 27 years on February 11, 1990.

For to be free is not merely to cast off one’s chains, but to live in a way that respects and enhances the freedom of others.” – Nelson Mandela

Nelson-mandela

 

In 1944, Mandela, a lawyer, joined the African National Congress (ANC), the oldest black political organization in South Africa, where he became a leader of Johannesburg’s youth wing of the ANC. In 1952, he became deputy national president of the ANC, advocating nonviolent resistance to apartheid–South Africa’s institutionalized system of white supremacy and racial segregation….

Nelson Mandela personifies struggle. He lead the fight against apartheid with extraordinary vigour and resilience after spending nearly three decades of his life behind bars. He sacrificed his private life and his youth for his people, and remains South Africa’s best known and loved hero.

Mandela held numerous positions in the ANC: ANCYL secretary (1948); ANCYL president (1950); ANC Transvaal president (1952); deputy national president (1952) and ANC president (1991).

Mandela matriculated at Healdtown Methodist Boarding School and then started a BA degree at Fort Hare. As an SRC member he participated in a student strike and was expelled, along with the late Oliver Tambo, in 1940. He completed his degree by correspondence from Johannesburg, did articles of clerkship and enrolled for an LLB at the University of the Witwatersrand…

In 1962 Mandela left the country for military training in Algeria and to arrange training for other MK members. On his return he was arrested for leaving the country illegally and for incitement to strike. He conducted his own defence. He was convicted and jailed for five years in November 1962. While serving his sentence, he was charged, in the Rivonia trial, with sabotage and sentenced to life imprisonment.

In prison Mandela never compromised his political principles and was always a source of strength for the other prisoners.

He was inaugurated as the first democratically elected State President of South Africa on 10 May 1994 – June 1999

Nelson Mandela retired from Public life in June 1999. He died on 5 December 2013 at his home in Houghton,

Source: South African News/Nelson Mandela/Education Ghana

 

More about Nelson Mandela

What a legend! His spirit still lives on!

 

Screen Shot 2014-12-05 at 03.49.21Nelson-mandelaOn the anniversary of Nelson Mandela’s death, Air Canada Centre will host “The Giant of Africa,”

Masai Ujiri President and General Manager of Toronto Raptors together with some of the world’s greatest icons will honour Nelson Mandela today.

“We are fortunate to honour Mandela this Friday, So much of what the world needs and deserves is what this great man was about.  He knew that sport had the power to change the world and what a better place to celebrate this man then at this game in Air Canada Centre.” said Masai Ujiri,

Read more at

Nelson Mandela Gone but not forgotten…Legends Live Forever

Photo Credits: Nelson Mandela Legacy

Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was born into the Madiba clan in the village of Mvezo, Transkei, 96 years ago today on 18 July 1918.

Nelson Mandela personifies struggle. He lead the fight against apartheid with extraordinary vigour and resilience after spending nearly three decades of his life behind bars. He sacrificed his private life and his youth for his people, and remains South Africa’s best known and loved hero.

Mandela held numerous positions in the ANC: ANCYL secretary (1948); ANCYL president (1950); ANC Transvaal president (1952); deputy national president (1952) and ANC president (1991).

His father, Henry Mgadla Mandela, was chief councillor to Thembuland’s acting paramount chief David Dalindyebo. When his father died, Mandela became the chief’s ward and was groomed for the chieftainship.

Mandela matriculated at Healdtown Methodist Boarding School and then started a BA degree at Fort Hare. As an SRC member he participated in a student strike and was expelled, along with the late Oliver Tambo, in 1940. He completed his degree by correspondence from Johannesburg, did articles of clerkship and enrolled for an LLB at the University of the Witwatersrand.

In 1944 he helped found the ANC Youth League, whose Programme of Action was adopted by the ANC in 1949.

Mandela was elected national volunteer-in-chief of the 1952 Defiance Campaign. He travelled the country organising resistance to discriminatory legislation.

He was given a suspended sentence for his part in the campaign. Shortly afterwards a banning order confined him to Johannesburg for six months. During this period he formulated the “M Plan”, in terms of which ANC branches were broken down into underground cells.

By 1952 Mandela and Tambo had opened the first black legal firm in the country, and Mandela was both Transvaal president of the ANC and deputy national president.

A petition by the Transvaal Law Society to strike Mandela off the roll of attorneys was refused by the Supreme Court.

In the ‘fifties, after being forced through constant bannings to resign officially from the ANC, Mandela analysed the Bantustan policy as a political swindle. He predicted mass removals, political persecutions and police terror.

For the second half of the ‘fifties, he was one of the accused in the Treason Trial. With Duma Nokwe, he conducted the defence.

When the ANC was banned after the Sharpeville massacre in 1960, he was detained until 1961 when he went underground to lead a campaign for a new national convention.

Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK), the military wing of the ANC, was born the same year. Under his leadership it launched a campaign of sabotage against government and economic installations.

In 1962 Mandela left the country for military training in Algeria and to arrange training for other MK members.

On his return he was arrested for leaving the country illegally and for incitement to strike. He conducted his own defence. He was convicted and jailed for five years in November 1962. While serving his sentence, he was charged, in the Rivonia trial, with sabotage and sentenced to life imprisonment.

A decade before being imprisoned, Mandela had spoken out against the introduction of Bantu Education, recommending that community activists “make every home, every shack or rickety structure a centre of learning”.

Robben Island, where he was imprisoned, became a centre for learning, and Mandela was a central figure in the organised political education classes.

In prison Mandela never compromised his political principles and was always a source of strength for the other prisoners.

During the ‘seventies he refused the offer of a remission of sentence if he recognised Transkei and settled there.

In the ‘eighties he again rejected PW Botha’s offer of freedom if he renounced violence.

It is significant that shortly after his release on Sunday 11 February 1990, Mandela and his delegation agreed to the suspension of armed struggle.

Mandela has been awarded honorary degrees from more than 50 international universities and is chancellor of the University of the North.

He was inaugurated as the first democratically elected State President of South Africa on 10 May 1994 – June 1999

Nelson Mandela retired from Public life in June 1999. He died on 5 December 2013 at his home in Houghton,

Credit: Nelson Mandela

nelson-mandelaThe bust of former president Nelson Mandela unveiled at Parliament on Monday shows how far South Africa’s democracy has come in a short space of time. Speaking at the unveiling ceremony and launch of the 20 years of a democratic Parliament programme, Zuma said Parliament would continue to promote Mandela’s legacy. “By unveiling the statue, Parliament has declared we will continue to walk in Madiba’s footsteps… and honour his legacy.”

FBF: Powerful and Famous African Celebrities

If you like our first article about the African celebrities, here is the second edition that includes well-known and controversial figures of Africa, media personalities and R&B song writers.

  • JACOB ZUMA

Born in 1942, Jacob Gedleyihlekisa Zuma is a South African politician. He served as the fourth President of South Africa between 2009 and 2018.

Although he didn’t receive any formal schooling, he started engaging in politics from the age of 17 by joining ANC as an active member of the armed wing.

He was imprisoned and convicted of conspiring against the apartheid government. He served ten years on Robben Island with Nelson Mandela.

After his release, he continued his political activities first as a member of ANC National Executive Committee, then as the Deputy Chief Representative in Mozambique and finally the Chief Representative.

However, the pressures of the apartheid government led to his exile from Mozambique into Zambia.

After returning from his exile in 1990, he was elected as the Chairperson for the Southern Natal region where he fought to end the political violence between parties.

When ANC became the governing party in 1994, he was elected the National Chairperson and then the Deputy President of ANC. He served as the Deputy President of South Africa from 1999 to 2005.

This was when the rumors and charges against him started. In 2005, his financial adviser was convicted of soliciting a bribe for Zuma.

He was later charged with rape but the charges were dropped later on. With his election as the President of South Africa in 2009, the charges were completely dropped although this was faced with objection from the opposition parties.

Through the extensive research and investigation in the following years, Zuma was involved in racketeering and corruption that cost South Africa’s economy 83 billion USD. Upon the election of businessman Cyril Ramaphosa in 2017 as the President of the ANC,

Zuma was pressured to resign in 2018 through a motion of no confidence in parliament. To this day, he is still facing charges for corruption and appearing in the court.

  • HIP HOP PANTSULA

Most people know him by this stage name, but his real name is Jabuani Tsambo. As his name suggests, he was one of the leading figures of the African Hip Hop in the 90s and 00s.

He was born in 1980 in Mafikeng, South Africa. After graduating from high school in Pretoria, he joined an amateur hip hop group called Verbal Assassins, but the group only released one album before they split up in 1997. His career path elevated with the release of alums such as Introduction in 2000, Maf Town in 2001, O Mang in 2003, Acceptance Speech in 2007 and Dumela in 2009.

He also collaborated with other South African rappers. He received MTV Africa Music Awards for the Best Video in 2009 for his song “Mpitse”

In the following decade, his career wasn’t going as expected  which led him into depression. During those years he attempted committing suicide three times. Sadly, his fourth attempt succeeded in 2018 and he was found dead in his home in Johannesburg.

  • WINNIE MADIKIZELA MANDELA

Winnie Mandela is the ex-wife of Nelson Mandela and an anti-apartheid activist. She was born in 1936 in a village in the Eastern Cape Province. She studied international relations at the University of Witwatersrand.

When she met Nelson Mandela, he was still married to Evelyn Mase. Upon getting a divorce with Mase, he and Winnie married the following year and had two daughters from the marriage. Although the couple separated in 1992, their divorce procedure took four years.

During her husband’s imprisonment, she was a leading opponent of apartheid. Due to her opposition she was imprisoned for 1.5 years at Pretoria Central Prison where she was subjected to physical abuse. Between 1977 and 1985, she was banished to the town of Bradfort in the Orange Free State.

During the years of her banishment, she worked with NGOs and clinics, trying to raise awareness for equal rights. However, she was also involved in violent acts against the police informers and black citizens who were apartheid government collaborators.

Her group of bodyguards called Mandela United Football Club was known notoriously for their brutality against people who opposed her ideas.

After ANC became the ruling party, she was appointed as the minister of arts from 1994 to 1996 and a parliament ember from 1994 to 2003. She also was the head of the Women’s League in ANC.

She passed away in 2018 due to a severe kidney infection. Despite her conflicted past and acts of violence, she is well-regarded for her role in ending South Africa’s apartheid regime. Her life story inspired many books and films. She was portrayed by Jennifer Hudson in the 2011 movie Winnie.

 

  • ZARI HASSAN

Zari Hassan is a Ugandan musician and businesswoman who runs chains of schools and hotels in South Africa and in other African countries. Born in Uganda in 1980, she spent her childhood years in Jinja and then moved to London to attend a beauty school. She graduated with a diploma in cosmetology.

Photo Credit: ZARI HASSAN

Her music career started in 2007 when she recorded her single Oliwange, which was nominated for the Africa Channel O Awards. However, her music career was rather short-lived.

She later moved to South Africa where she married South African socialite Ivan Semwanga. The couple had three children.

She currently has holdings for tertiary education institutions and cosmetic stores in South Africa and Tanzania…

 

  • ZODWA WABANTU

Zodwa Wabantu is a South African Media Personality and dancer who was born in 1985. She spent her childhood years with her mother who passed away when she was eleven. Basically, her teenage years and early 20s were all about working at several jobs and trying to make ends meet.

She started dancing at clubs in Durban at the age of 28. She quickly gained recognition with her signature moves and her stage personality. She started performing at dance festivals and events.

She also appeared in the season premiere of MTV South Africa’s Behind the Story.

Photo Credit: ZODWA WABANTU

Her dance performances were met with mixed reviews across Zimbabwe and Zambia due to the fact that she admitted to not wearing panties during her shows.

In an interview, she also admitted to having sexual intercourse with men for money, stating the severe nature of her poverty.

She also has an 11 year old son from one of her previous relationships.

  • HUDDAH MONROE

Huddah Monroe is a Kenyan Media personality who has arisen to fame with Big Brother Africa 8 show in South Africa.

She was born in 1991 in Nairobi to a father of Somali origin and a mother of Kikuyu origin. Her father passed away when she was young and her mother remarried soon after.

After allegedly being exposed to domestic violence from her step father, she ran away from home. During her teenage years, she worked as a freelance model to make a living.

Although she didn’t win the Big Brother contest, she gained enough recognition and fame among Kenyans and even across the world. She was known for incorporating western culture into Kenyan youths.

Photo Credit: Huddah Monroe

Her endless attempts to make a living earned her the nick name “the Boss Lady”. In early 2010s, she transitioned from being a model into being an entrepreneur.

Owning ten acres of land in Kenya, she cultivates food crops that are widely sold in the Kenyan and surrounding markets. She also became the brans ambassador for a beauty product called BrightenMi. Her current net worth is estimated as 3 million USD.

  • ALIKIBA

Ali Saleh Kiba was born in Dar es salaam, Tanzania in 1986. His debut album Cinderella in 2006 was a commercial success that broke record as the best-selling album in Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda.

He released many singles in Afropop and R&B genres. He also collaborated with many other R&B artists including R. Kelly.

Photo Credit: Alikiba

His career peaked in 2015 when he released two singles Mwana and Chekecha. The singles broke the records in Tanzania as the most downloaded songs of 2015 and won six awards at the 2015 Tanzania Music Awards.

He also received numerous TV awards and nominations from MTV Europe Music Awards, East Africa TV Awards, Watsup Music Awards and many more.

He was congratulated in person by President Jakaya Kikwete for his contribution to Tanzanian music.

 

  • DIAMOND PLATNUMZ

The famous Tanzanian afro-pop artist Nasibu Abdul Juma was born in 1989 in Dar es Salaam. He grew up in the western part of Tandale, living with his mother at his grandmother house.

His mother recognized his talent at a young age and supported him by buying albums, helping him practice and taking him to talent shows.

 

He released his debut single Kamwambie and the album of the same name in 2010 and received critical acclaim due to combining elements of hip-hop, reggae, R&B and traditional African genres like taarab and dansi in his songs.

By the time he released his second album Lala Salama, he was already the highest earning Tanzanian musician.

He received seven awards at the 2014 Tanzania Music awards in categories like Best Male Writer, Best Male Artist and Male Entertainer of the Year. His collaboration with Nigerian R&B duo P-square became a world-wide hit.

Diamond is a dedicated Muslim and a strong supporter of Tanzania’s ruling party CCM…

 

Caster Semenya

Photo Credit: Caster Semenya

She’ one of the most talked about athlete, however, she doesn’t let that stop her from losing focus on her goal. 

Even though Caster Semenya has really suffered from issues that she’s being facing because of who she is, she still encourage people to

“Don’t fear failure. Fear being in the exact same place next year as you are today.” 

Caster Semenya, had her case with IAAF. A decision was reached, now she has to regulate her testosterone levels in order to be qualify to compete in international women’s athletics.

The decision was frown upon by many people people was met with an incredible amount of controversy from the critics and herself. Now, even those without the slightest interest in athletics know about her. So, let’s have a look at her life full of achievements and constant fight against IAAF.

Caster Semenya  was born on 7th January 1991 in South Africa. She has a brother and 3 sisters. She is a graduate of a University of North West and majored in sport science.

The seeds of her career were planted when she won the gold in 800 m in 2008 World Junior Championships and 2008 Commonwealth Youth Games.

The following year, she won both the 800 m and the 1500 m races in African Junior Championships, where she also improved her personal best in 800 m. It was a world record at the time. She carried her success onto the World Championships in the same year by winning gold in 800 meters.

Her suddenly escalated success along with her masculine looks raised a lot of questions about her sex. This prompted IAAF to ask her to take a sex verification test. Although the results were not completely revealed in public, it was partially leaked.

There was a strong suggestion about Semenya having an intersex trait and elevated levels of testosterone. More importantly, people believe association failed  to protect Semenya’s privacy and human rights and violation of confidentiality was heavily criticized by Africans, especially by South African politicians, activists and civic leaders.

Although IAAF’s statement was that the test was done to reassure that she wasn’t on any sort of steroids, the request for such a test was attributed to racism and sexism.

For the following eight months, she wasn’t allowed to compete in any race until the results were finalized. She was finally able to compete in two minor races in Finland, but she needed some time to reclaim her strength. During 2012 Summer Olympics, she competed in women’s 800 meter where she won the silver medal, losing against Russian athlete Mariya Savinova.

However, the World Anti-Doping Agency and The Court of Arbitration for Sport disqualified Savinova’s results which upgraded Semenya’s silver to gold. She continued winning in 2016’s South African National Olympics as well as Rio Olympics.

Although she continued to gain more and more personal records and national records, the question regarding her gender had always remained unanswered.

The controversy reached a peak when IAAF announced a new rule that required hyperandrogenous athletes to take medication to lower their testosterone levels.

Semanya, however, objected this decision stating that such medications had proven to hinder her performance. She decided to legally challenge IAAF’s decision; however, the Court Arbitration of Sport rejected her cause.

Whether the decision was fair or not, it seems that the issue will remain a trending topic all over the world and cause a clash of ideas regarding racism and gender equality.

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Only 2 days left until The Global Citizen Festival! Check out the dates, Line up and where to watch it!

The Global Citizen Festival: Mandela 100 will be hosted in Johannesburg by South Africa’s Motsepe Foundation, which seeks to reduce poverty through education and job creation.

Did you know? Usher has won over 50 Awards?

Celebrities that are scheduled to perform at the South African concert on Sunday 2nd December in honor of the life and legacy of Nelson Mandela @ 100 includes Usher, Femi Kuti, Beyoncé & JAY-Z, Wizkid,  Ed Sheeran, Cassper Nyovest, Tiwa Savage, Usher, Eddie Vedder, Pharrell Williams & Chris Martin, , Sho Madjozi,  D’banj…

Did you know? Beyoncé has won over 20 Awards?

Beyoncé & JAY-Z,

 

Did you know?  Wizkid has won over 15 awards?

 

Photo Credit: Wizkid

 

Did you know? Tiwa Savage is the first Nigerian female artist to win the MTV Europe Music Awards (MTV EMAs) in the Best African Act category

Photo Credit: Tiwa Savage

 

Did you know? Cassper Nyovest’s new album out now!

 

https://www.instagram.com/p/BqyBMTkB1bT/?utm_source=ig_web_button_share_sheet

The foundation is partnering with Global Citizen, an international advocacy group that supports sustainable development goals set by the United Nations.

It is believed Oprah is among the influential figures attending  and will be delivering a keynote address about Mandela’s legacy at the festival.

For more information about The Global Citizen Festival visit www.bigconcerts.co.za

Did You Know You Can Watch The Global Citizen Festival: Mandela 100 Wherever You Are?Here Are 4 Ways To watch

Don’t Miss Out!

Photo credit: The Global Citizen Festival

Source 

 

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 ‘WHEN AN ELDER DIES A VILLAGE LOSES ITS LIBRARY’ – AFRICAN PROVERB

Winnie Madikizela-Mandela South African anti-apartheid campaigner and former wife of Madiba Nelson Mandela has died at the age of 81. 

 

Winnie Mandela was married to the late Nelson Mandela for almost 40 years and we divorced in 1990. They were blessed with 2 children…